• 1


  • 2


  • 3


  • 4


  • .

Pro-Poor Development Research Group


Faculty: Environmental Sciences


Background/Research Issues of the Group

The Pro-Poor Development working group is one of several in the Sustainable Cities Research Cluster, domiciled in the Faculty of Environmental Sciences, University of Lagos. The Sustainable Cities cluster aims to undertake multi-disciplinary research in order to understand and enhance the environmental, social and economic sustainability of human settlements, particularly in the Lagos Area.

The pro-poor development group seeks to achieve the overarching aim of sustainable cities, as outlined in SDG11, but with a particular focus on the urban poor.  The group draws on both deductive and inductive philosophical approaches to produce evidence-based research and professional insights on urban development issues. The group also works in a dual context: community based and policy impact studies, with special focus on Lagos, Nigeria.

The pro-poor development working group is a multi-disciplinary one, currently made up of six researchers from the departments of Architecture, Estate Management and Urban and Regional Planning of the Faculty of Environmental Sciences, University of Lagos, who share a common interest in co-production of urban knowledge to improve the lives and livelihoods of poor and vulnerable groups, and who embrace informality for survival. Members of the working group have extensive research experience, both local and international; and have collaborated with experts across academia, development organisations and professional associations, civil society groups as well as the public and private sector on designing, developing and/or implementing interdisciplinary projects in various areas of urban sustainability, across economic, social and physical dimensions.

Recent projects in which members of the group have been involved in include:

  • Pathways out of Urban Water Poverty: Case studies of small towns in Tanzania and Nigeria.
  • Urban Planning and Governance processes in Lagos, Nigeria
  • Urban Governance, and Turning African Cities Around: Case studies of Lagos, Johannesburg and Luanda
  • Urban Violence and Gendered (Re)Construction of Urban Life: Case Studies of Johannesburg, Nairobi and Lagos

As a group, there is an abiding interest in the interplay of urban poverty and urban sustainability. The group recognises that urban development policies and projects usually produce both winners and losers, with the poor often been the losers. As such, the group engages in research that challenges conventional development discourses, to find alternatives that can engender broader and more equitable urban outcomes.

The direction of the working group’s activities is also shaped by the renewed opportunity presented at the global scale to address urban challenges, as evidenced by the New Urban Agenda, Sustainable Development Goals and the Climate Change Agreements. This is with an overarching aim to advance paradigm shifts in urban development strategies and governance approaches. 

The research thrust of the Pro-Poor Development working group thus focuses around the following issues:

  • Understanding tensions around spatial displacements and urban inequality
  • Mapping consequences of conflicts such as homelessness, and spatial displacements
  • Investigating responses to environmental vulnerability occasioned by climate change, urban disasters and hazards
  • Developing strategies for enhancing sustainable livelihoods and improving access to urban services and liveable settlements.



The objective of this group is to provide evidence-based research to support development projects and policies for making cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilience and sustainable.


Research Areas/Focus:

The research group identified six main research areas, through preliminary consultations with key stakeholders, and based on the research experiences of group members. These interrelated research areas are considered central to making cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilience and sustainable, particularly for the poor and vulnerable groups.  


The identified research areas are as follows:

  1. Sustainable livelihoods and livelihoods security
  2. Formal-informal linkages
  3. The informal economy
  4. Homelessness and spatial displacement
  5. Inclusive land governance and tenure security
  6. Expanding access to affordable decent homes



Sustainable Livelihoods and Livelihoods Security

The unprecedented proliferation of slum and urbanisation of poverty pose serious challenge to the attainment of the international development goals in many developing countries. One of the reasons why poverty intervention strategies fail is because they are often narrowly conceived. For example, many international donors and national governments have considerably promoted land titling as an effective means of intervention to reduce urban poverty. However, there is more to the challenges of poverty in informal settlements than just lack of land titles and tenure insecurity. Titling is just one of the livelihood assets needed by the urban poor, while tenure insecurity is just one of their numerous vulnerability contexts.

There is a continuous call for comprehensive and sustainable intervention to the issue of urban poverty in informal settlements. This is based on the realisation that poverty is not simply an economic concept, but rather a complex and multidimensional phenomenon which affects individuals, households and community at large in different magnitude. It is one of the development challenges facing many developing countries and it is increasingly becoming a growing concern for policymakers, development organisations and development professionals. Increasing rate of poverty is linked to dysfunctional livelihoods system. One of the most comprehensive ways of understanding poverty and evolving effective intervention strategies is, therefore, to understand livelihoods of those living in poverty. At the core of livelihoods discourse lies livelihoods assets, vulnerability context and institutions and policies which mediate livelihoods. This thematic area seeks to bring these themes under a theoretical and analytical framework to generate new understanding on how to address the challenges of poverty and slum.


To this end, the following topic areas of research are identified:


  • Multidimensional Poverty
  • Spatial inequality and exclusion
  • Asset accumulation and poverty reduction
  • Livelihood vulnerability context
  • Livelihood strategies and adaptation
  • Megacity projects and livelihoods
  • Climate change and livelihood vulnerability
  • Youth and livelihoods
  • Livelihoods resilience


Formal-Informal Linkages

The shaping of emerging African cities is embroiled in tensions between the vision of government, and the realities of the citizens. This has been identified as the ‘conflict of rationalities’ between the rationalities of governing and administration, and rationalities of survival (of those who are poor and marginalised). Everyday urban practices reveal a high level of community led adaptive practices in bridging the gaps in public supply of urban infrastructure and social services. These practices are embedded within the informal sector, leveraging on local processes and technologies. However, informality, while potentially transformative in urban communities is unfortunately largely unrecognised and underestimated. This thematic area, therefore, seeks to understand how formal and informal structures and processes can be integrated for sustainable urban solutions, especially for communities in need. In particular, the following areas are identified:


  • Understanding adaptation practices of the urban poor, particularly in relation to accessing infrastructure and social services
  • Charting pathways of improving access to urban basic services including water and sanitation, electricity, medical and educational facilities, as well as urban safety and security
  • Understanding the interface of formal and informal systems and processes, and how these can be enhanced for the delivery of positive urban outcomes; and
  • Mainstreaming local knowledge for disaster resilience and mitigation, and sustainable urban development.


The Informal Economy

The informal economy is the lifeblood of many cities today, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa where it is the main source of jobs for the growing urban poor as evidenced by the mass of street traders that abound in major cities in the region. Studies have shown that a clear majority of the workforce in many African and developing world cities are engaged in informal employment. This vibrant economy embraces a huge range of sectors such as: street trading, waste collection, small scale tailoring and hairdressing, informal transportation, and roadside mechanical services. Workers in the informal economy provide flexible services to urban residents, make significant contributions to urban economies, demonstrate flexibility and entrepreneurship and support local supply chains and global exchange.

Far from being marginal, the informal economy has been described as representing “reasoned reactions to local manifestations of today’s economic, social and cultural world”. Yet neo-liberal development policies, and global cities agendas that have seen privatisation of urban services and the sanitisation of public space, has largely ignored this dynamic economy. Furthermore the diversity of the informal economy makes it difficult for it to be captured in conventional urban policy processes. Innovative thinking is therefore required if this economic sector is to contribute to much-needed youth employment and job-rich growth especially in Africa.

This thematic area therefore aims to provide a deeper understanding of the workings of the informal economy and develop avenues through which largely poor informal economy workers can better engage with government authorities and be better accommodated in urban design proposals and state-wide development plans. Some key research areas in this regard include:

  • Exploration of the functioning of the informal economy, linkages with the formal and contribution to local development and global trade.
  • Inclusive urban planning and design based on a critical understanding of existing realities, local practices and culture.
  • Rights-based approaches to urban governance and public space management, notably the Right to the City concept.
  • Elucidation and contextualisation of global best practices in the management of public space and the informal economy



Homelessness and Spatial Displacement

Homelessness and spatial displacement are complex social problems with a variety of underlying economic and social factors such as poverty and lack of affordable housing. These phenomena have been further linked to disaster, adverse effects of climate and weather conditions, extensive rapid growth of the urban centres and cities which has introduced higher population and development. Majorly, they have been linked with urban poverty.


Urbanisation brings many benefits to the society but it is unfortunate that many developed and developing countries with poverty and social exclusion have been experiencing homelessness and spatial displacement. It has been one of the most pressing global environmental, economic and social issues that we are facing in this century most especially in the cities. Globally, the term displacement has remained a topical issue among academia, politicians, policy and decision makers, government and non-government organizations in the world over. This is so not only because of adverse effects this may have on the displaced persons, but also for increasing rate at which this is taking place especially in the developing nations of the world. 

Based on these pressing issues, there is need to X-ray the following themes under feasible analytical framework in order to address the challenges of homelessness and spatial displacement.

The following topical issues of research areas are identified:

  • Urban poverty, Displacement and Homelessness
  • Inclusive housing affordability and Sustainable Urbanisation
  • Survival strategies of the homeless and the displaced
  • Behavioural Health conditions of the Homeless and the displaced
  • Living conditions of the homeless, the displaced, those at risk of becoming homeless and the right to the city


Inclusive Land Governance

The dual concepts of globalisation and neoliberal development aspirations present unique challenges to the realisation of human rights and poverty reduction in many sub-Saharan African countries. Recent research indicates that many sub-Saharan Africa's large countries are caught in the web of globalisation and large-scale land acquisition for neoliberal development.  At the core of the current development paradox is the issue of poor and inefficient land governance mechanism which promotes exclusion, marginalisation, land grabbing, displacement and forced eviction of local residents and indigenous communities, and land conflicts among various stakeholders.

In the Nigerian context, these challenges are exacerbated by the realities of pluralism of land tenure systems, multi-layer of land rights and interests in land and complex people to land relationships which are ignore in the current land governance mechanism. The application of "one-size-fits-all" model of land governance has failed to address the current development challenges. As such, there is an increasing call for context specific empirical studies with a view to developing Fit-for-Purpose land governance framework. This thematic area seeks to develop a more inclusive land governance framework, which takes into consideration the local socioeconomic realities, the prevailing complex land tenure system, and the overlapping land rights and interests, even in the face of increasing neoliberal development ideology. It is expected that this will facilitate equitable and sustainable development as well as poverty reduction.

The following topic areas of research are identified:

  • Tenure Security and poverty alleviation
  • Gender, land tenure and property rights
  • National land governance frameworks
  • Dynamics of neoliberal development and land governance
  • Land rights and people-to-land relationships
  • constraints and parameters for inclusive and fit-for-purpose land governance frameworks


Expanding Access to Affordable Decent Homes

The traditional approach to housing policy across Africa has been towards the promotion of home-ownership based on mortgage financing. However, mortgage financing is an instrument that is encased in formal markets and operates on very clear criteria such as secured and verifiable income, strong collateral, verifiable credit history, favourable macro-economic conditions and clear foreclosure laws. These are generally absent in various housing sub-markets across cities in Nigeria, and indeed Africa. The inability of people in the lower income cadre to secure decent housing due to this limitation has been said to be a contributory factor in the emergence and perpetuation of slum settlements in these cities. Here people solve their housing need through the construction of housing of various hues, shapes and sizes, mostly always in substandard lots with lower than average access to complementary facilities and infrastructure.  

There are current debates about the feasibility of home-ownership programs, and the need for consideration of other tenures, to ensure access to decent homes. On the other hand, the affordability challenges remain real; because housing providers are much more interested in supplying housing to those that can afford market-led house prices. Yet industry watchers predict that the scale of investment in the lower-income housing sector is high enough to make it profitable to the private developer. This thematic area, therefore, seeks to ponder the debate surrounding home-ownership versus renting to ensure access of majority of the people to decent homes. It also seeks to address the affordability question in order to provide answers to the mechanism that would ensure that lower-income people can afford housing provided by the profit-seeking private developer; all in a macro-economic structure that has provided limited, if any, cushioning for this category of people. 


The following topic areas of research are identified

Comprehensive documentation of existing condition

  • Identification of the housing needs and preferences of lower-income households in urban areas
  • Housing affordability gap financing: Measures and Strategies
  • The externalities generated by homeownership policies
  • Partnerships for affordable housing provision for the lower income
  • Regulatory Constraints to low income housing development.




Team Members and their Speciality







  1. Oluwafemi OLAJIDE

Urban poverty, urban informality, Sustainable Livelihoods, Security of Tenure and Resilience cities

Urban and Regional Planning


This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


  1. Taibat Lawanson

Urban Informality, Poverty and Sustainable Livelihoods

Environmental Justice, Urban Governance, Decolonization and African Urbanization Dynamics

Urban and Regional Planning

+234 802351966

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.



  1. Muyiwa AGUNBIADE

Land Administration, Spatial Data Infrastructure and Disaster Management

Urban and Regional Planning


This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


  1. Ademola Omoegun

Informal Economy and Right to the City



This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


  1. Victor Abimbola Onifade

Housing Development and Management, Housing Psychology and Policy Issues, Homelessness and Internally Displaced Persons

Urban and Regional Planning


This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Basirat Oyalowo

Sustainable Urban Development, Housing policy, finance, development and management, Valuation of Sustainable Properties, urban informality

Estate Management


This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.



Pictures of Team Members

Dr. Oluwafemi Olajide

Dr. Taibat Lawanson

Dr. Muyiwa Agunbiade




Dr. Demola Omoegun

Dr. Basirat Oyalowo

Dr. Victor Onifade






Description of Notable Research Findings/Outstanding Research Findings

  1. Urban Governance and Turning African Cities Around: Lagos Case Study


Researchers: Dr. Muyiwa Agunbiade and Dr. Oluwafemi Olajide

This study focuses on urban governance and how it has contributed in turning Lagos around; in parallel with studies in Luanda in Angola and Johannesburg in South Africa. The historical and political development of Nigeria and Lagos can be broadly categorised into three eras. The colonial era institutionalized discriminatory and exploitative urban governance policies in Lagos State. The protracted military rule in the post-colonial era worsened urban decay and decadence. However, in the last decade there have been intense efforts to redirect the growth trajectory of Lagos through the implementation of major urban development projects. Between May 1999 and May 2015, Lagos was blessed with two visionary governors who successfully led the state to the path of change. This research offers in-depth insights into the governance of two flagship projects – the innovative Lagos Bus Rapid Transit and Lagos Home Ownership Mortgage Scheme. The challenges of public transport and housing represent common and conspicuous urbanisation challenges in Africa. Access to decent and affordable housing, and an efficient and affordable transportation system are essential for human wellbeing. Moreover, to allow for a comparison between Lagos and other African cities being studied, a common thread in the selected projects was essential. The data used for this research were collected through direct observations, desktop analysis, focus group discussions and in-depth interviews. An analytical framework was developed to explore the level of capacity, inclusiveness, accountability and contestations of these flagship projects. The commitment to transform cities and invest beyond conventional budgetary allocation has significantly altered the pace of development and is 'turning African cities around'. Leadership capacity and political will to commit human, technical and financial resources to conceive, plan and implement projects are central to the transformation narrative of Lagos.



  1. Climate Change and Livelihood Vulnerabilities of Low-income Coastal Communities in Lagos, Nigeria


Researchers: Dr. Oluwafemi Olajide and Dr. Taibat Lawanson

This article examines environmental and livelihood vulnerabilities of low-income coastal settlements in Lagos, Nigeria. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach is used as the analytical framework of how household’s assets are affected by flood incidence. Using mixed methods combining qualitative and quantitative analysis, factors that intensify the impacts of flood events on livelihoods assets of the urban poor are examined. Results indicate that the effects of floods on urban poor livelihoods are multifaceted. Vulnerability of Lagos to flood hazards is a function of various biophysical, topographical, climatic and socio-economic factors. It was also noted that uncoordinated urban expansion into flood prone areas, and increase in the intensity and volume of rain are also contributory factors to incidence of flood hazards in Lagos. The article concludes by recommending strategies for coping with the challenges faced by these communities and these include infrastructure upgrading, effective development control and civic reorientation.




Bio-Sketches and Selected Publications


Name: Oluwafemi Olajide (Ph.D.)

Position: Lecturer

Qualifications: BSc, MSc (Lagos), PhD (Newcastle)



Oluwafemi Olajide experience cut across three sectors – the private, the public and the academia - which define who he is as a lecture, researcher and urban planner. He is a full-time lecture in the department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Lagos and a freelance consultant to Urban planning and development firms. He is a pragmatic researcher with a focus on urban development planning and urban sustainability. He completed his Ph.D. research degree, in 2015 at the School of Architecture, Planning and Landscape, Newcastle University, United Kingdom. His thesis examined the complexity of factors which influence the livelihoods of the urban poor in informal settlements. In recent times, he adapted the Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) to climate change and poverty related studies in informal settlements. Specifically, he adapted SLA to explore livelihood vulnerability of informal settlements dwellers to climate change-related hazards. He also adapted SLA to understand the complexities of factors, beyond tenure insecurity, which influence the livelihoods of the residents of informal settlements, and which often perpetually trap them in poverty. He recently completed a research project on Urban Governance and Turning African Cities Around, commissioned by Partnership for African Social and Governance Research (PASGR). 

He has experience in the preparation of strategic plans and he has been involved in the preparation of various strategic master plans and Environmental Impact Assessment Reports. He also has a good knowledge of statistical and design (2D and 3D) software commonly used in urban planning as well as basic knowledge of GIS.


He has successfully supervised, and he is currently supervising students on multidisciplinary areas of urban agriculture and urban land use planning, smart cities and urban planning, disaster management and urban development planning, and resilience cities and urban planning. He served as an external examiner at the University of the Free State, South Africa for a PhD thesis titled: Improving the Resilience of Informal Settlements in Mountainous Region of Africa: Comparative Case Studies in Qwa Qwa, South Africa and Konso in Southern Ethiopia.

His future research focuses on land governance for sustainable, resilient and inclusive development. Hi is particularly interested in how to develop a more inclusive land management framework for urban sustainable livelihoods and human settlements prosperity.  


Areas of Professional Expertise

  • Strategic Development Planning
  • Environmental Impact Assessment






Research Interests

Urban poverty and urban informality, Sustainable Livelihoods, Security of Tenure, Land governance and Urban Governance.,

Smart and Resilience cities



  • 2015-2016 Research on Urban Governance and Turning African Cities Around: Lagos Case Study, commissioned by Partnership for African Social and Governance Research (PASGR) (with Dr. Muyiwa Agunbiade).
  • Travel grant and stipend to participate in the international symposium titled: Metropolis Nonformal – Anticipation organised by UN-HABITAT in Munich, Germany, November 20 – 23, 2013.

Selected Publications

  • Olajide, O.A. and Lawanson, T (2014). Climate change and livelihood vulnerabilities of low-income coastal communities in Lagos, Nigeria, International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development, 6(1): 42-51.
  • Lawanson , T., Olajide O. and Nwokoro, I. (2014): Towards Achieving the Millennium Development Goals 1&7 in Lagos, Nigeria: A Time Line Study of Ajegunle Community (1998-2008). Journal of Sustainable Technology, 5 (2): 1-9
  • Olajide, O.A (2013). Poverty Alleviation in Lagos Urban Informal Settlements: A Sustainable Livelihood Approach. 49th ISOCARP International Planning Congress, Brisbane, Frontiers of Planning – Evolving or Declining Models of Practice, Brisbane Australia, October 2013, October 1-4 2013.
  • Oduwaye, Leke and Olajide, O.A. (2012): Incorporating informality into urban and regional planning education curriculum in Nigeria. SSB/TRP/MDM (60): 31-37
  • Olajide, O.A (2013). Poverty Alleviation in Lagos Urban Informal Settlements: A Sustainable Livelihood Approach. 49th ISOCARP International Planning Congress, Brisbane, Frontiers of Planning – Evolving or Declining Models of Practice, Brisbane Australia, October 1-4 2013.
  • Adejumo, O., Bishi, H.,and Olajide, O. (2011) Eco-City: An Alternative Concept for Sustainable Urban Renewal in Metropolitan Lagos (A Case Study of Ilaje-Bariga Slum), Presented at the 9th World Ecocity Summit, 22-26 August,2011, Montreal, Canada.
  • Olajide, O.A. (2010). Urban Poverty and Environmental Conditions in Informal Settlements of Ajegunle, Lagos Nigeria. 15th International Conference on Urban Planning, Regional Development and Information Society, 18-20 May, Vienna, 827-836.
  • Leke Oduwaye and Olajide, O.A. (2010). Challenges Confronting Informal Land Use in Lagos, Nigeria. Lagos Journal of Environmental Studies, 7(1): 73-84.
  • Olajide O.A. (2010). Security of Tenure and Housing Conditions in Informal Settlement of Ijora-Oloye, Lagos. Urban and Regional Planning Review, 2(2): 51-60
  • Olajide, O.A. and Malik N.A. (2009). Urbanization and Incidence of Urban Heat Island: Implication for Climate Change and Global Warming. Journal of Environmental Studies and Policy Analysis, 1(1): 40 - 50



Name: Taibat Lawanson (Ph.D.)

Position: Associate Professor

Qualifications: PhD



Taibat Lawanson is an Associate Professor in the Department of Urban and Regional Planning at the University of Lagos, Nigeria. She holds a PhD in Urban and Regional Planning from the Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria and has conducted extensive research on issues relating to urban informality, livability, environmental justice and pro-poor development. She is interested in how formal and informal systems can synthesize in the emerging African city, and has written or co-authored over 50 articles in peer-reviewed journals, books and conference proceedings.

She serves on the advisory boards of Area Development and Policy Journal of the Regional Studies Association, and the Lagos Studies Association (an international research group for multidisciplinary discourse on Lagos, Nigeria). She is also United Nations policy expert on Governance, Institutional Capacity and Development.

Her future research direction broadly on how governance gaps can be bridged for the poor; and the creation of an Inclusive city, with a specific focus on the following research projects:

  • Understanding the conflict of rationalities in slum upgrading practices and policies in Lagos;
  • Women, Poverty and the Challenge of the Sustainable City;
  • Informality, inequality and the influence of international neo-Liberal interests in the development of Lagos


Areas of Professional Expertise

  • Community based action research
  • Social Impact research
  • Policy impact research



Research Interests

  • Urban Informality, Poverty and Sustainable Livelihoods
  • Environmental Justice, Urban Governance and Pro-Poor Development
  • Decolonization and African Urbanization Dynamics



2016 -   Fellow: The Rockefeller Foundation - Bellagio Academic Residency

2013 -   World Social Science Fellow, International Social Science Council, Paris, France


Funded Research Projects

  • Global Municipal Database: UN-Habitat (City Based Researcher Lagos)(June 2017)
  • Baseline Study for Developing Institutional Framework for Urban Sanitation Plans for Bauchi and Kaduna Metropolis. USAID Funded study for Urban Sector Reforms in Water and Sanitation (March – April, 2017); with Oshodi. L.
  • Comparative Research on African City Regions: Lessons for the Gauteng Global City Region. African Urban Research Initiative / African Centre for Cities, University of Cape town, South Africa  (October 2016 – February 2017)(City Based Researcher - Lagos)
  • Global Survey of Cities : New York University Stern Urbanisation Project, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy and UN-Habitat (City Based Researcher Lagos)(January - February 2016)
  • Development of Tenant Specific Models of Housing using Housing Satisfaction Indices in Lagos, Nigeria. University of Lagos Central Research Mini Grant (August 2015 - April 2016) with Onifade, V.
  • Pathways out of Urban Water Poverty: Case studies of small towns in Tanzania and Nigeria. DFID/Urban Research Nigeria Project. with Allen.A and Hoffmann, P. (June 2015 - March 2016)
  • Urban Planning Processes and Governance Interface in Lagos, Nigeria: research by Heinrich Boell Stiftung Nigeria (January - June 2015)
  • Urban Violence and Gendered (Re)Construction in Africa: Case Studies of Johannesburg, Nairobi and Lagos, Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa CODESRIA Comparative Research Network Competition 2013 March 2014 with Katsaura.O, Mosobalaje.A, Wario.H.A, Mutongwizo.T & Faki.E (April 2014 - October 2015)
  • Environmental Health Effects of Squatter Settlements in the Nigerian Cities: Comparative study of Port Harcourt and the Lagos Metropolis. University of Lagos Central Research Grant (January - December 2013) with Nwokoro.I, Ebuehi.O & Fadare.W



Selected Publications

  • O., Siu K., Lawanson T., and Adeniji. O (2017 ) Assessing smart infrastructure for sustainable urban development in the Lagos metropolis. Journal of Urban Management. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jum.2017.01.001(published by Elsevier)
  • T, Oyalowo.B, Faremi. J, John. I, Adio Moses. D, and Alabi. A (2016) Undergraduate Student Use of Social Media: Case study of Built Environment Disciplines at the University of Lagos, Nigeria in University of Mauritius Research Journal 22(2):260-279
  • Lawanson T (2015) Potentials Of The Urban Poor in Shaping a Sustainable Lagos Megacity; in Allen A., Lampis, A.,  and Swilling, M. (eds) Untamed Urbanisms. Routledge Advances in Regional Economics, Science and Policy Series. London &New York: Routledge. 108-118
  • Nwokoro, I., Lawanson, T., Ebuehi, O., Fadare, S., Agwu, J. &Soyinka, O. (2015) Socioeconomic Dynamics and Environmental Health Outcomes in Informal Settlements of Port Harcourt, Nigeria in Journal of Construction, Project Management and Innovation, University of Johannesburg. 5 (1): 1064-1081
  • Lawanson T. & Fadare. (2015) Environment and Health Disparities in Urban Communities: Focus on Eti Osa, Nigeria. City, Culture and Society 6(1) 43 - 52 (published by Elsevier)
  • T, Orelaja.O & Simire .M. (2014) Effects of climate change on a peri-urban farming community in Lagos, Nigeria, African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development (published by Taylor and Francis) , 6(6), 511-517
  • Lawanson T (2014) Illegal Urban Entrepreneurship? The Case of Street Vendors in Lagos, Nigeria, (2014) Journal of Architecture and Environment, Institute Tecknologi (ITS) Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya,   13(1) 33-48. April 2014
  • Lawanson T. & Oduwaye L (2014) Socio-Economic Adaptation Strategies of the Urban Poor in the Lagos Metropolis, Nigeria, African Review of Economics and Finance, (Published by University of South Africa Press) 6(1) 139-160
  • Salau T, Lawanson T. & Yadua O (2013) Amoebic Urbanization in Nigerian Cities: The case of Lagos and Ota, International Journal of Architecture and Urban Development, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. Vol3(4) 83-90
  • Lawanson, T., Olajide, O & Nwokoro.I (2013) The Millennium Development Goals in Lagos, Nigeria: A time-line study of Ajegunle community (1998 - 2008) by AVANI Journal of Geography, National Postgraduate College, University of Lucknow India 3(1)1-12
  • Lawanson T. & Fadare. S. (2013) Neighborhood Differentials and Environmental Health Interface in Lagos Metropolis, Nigeria, Habitat International (published by Elsevier) (39) 240 - 245 July 2013
  • Lawanson T., Salau T, & Yadua O (2013) Conceptualizing the Liveable African City. Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation. University of Johannesburg, South Africa 3 (1): 573-588
  • O, Omole F & Lawanson T (2013) Utilizing Creeks for Integrated Rural Coastal Development of Ilaje Area of Nigeria, in Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management, Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia: 6 (3) 294 - 299
  • Lawanson T., Yadua.O & Salako.I.O (2012) Investigation of Rural - Urban Linkages of the Lagos Megacity, in Journal of Construction, Project Management and Innovation; University of Johannesburg, South Africa. 2(2) 461-481
  • T. (2012) Poverty, Home Based Enterprises and Urban Livelihoods in the Lagos Metropolis, in Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, Clarion University of Pennsylvania, USA.14 (4) 158-171. Summer B2012




Name: Muyiwa Agunbiade (Ph.D.)

Position: Senior Lecturer

Qualifications: B.Sc. (Ife), M.Sc. (Ibadan)  Ph.D. (Melbourne)



Muyiwa Agunbiade is a Senior Lecturer at the Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Lagos. He was offered Australian Postgraduate Awards (Industry) to complete his Ph.D. research degree, in 2013 at the Centre for Spatial Data and Land Administration, in the Department of Infrastructure Engineering, University of Melbourne, Australia.  He has a bachelor’s degree in Urban and Regional Planning obtained from Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. During his time as an undergraduate, he received a number of departmental and faculty awards. He has Masters Degrees in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Urban and Regional Planning; both obtained at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. His experience reflects the interplay of teaching, research and consultancy works in Urban and Regional Planning as well as in the area of GIS applications to urban and regional issues. He participated in an extensive survey and the subsequent upgrading plans for the 42 blighted areas of Lagos State in the World Bank Assisted Community Infrastructure Upgrading Programme for Metropolitan Lagos in 1995. This has stimulated his research interest in the area of housing provision, security of tenure and slum management in the emerging urban centres especially the mega-cities.


He recently led a research team (Lagos case study) in a joint research project on Urban Governance and Turning African Cities Around, commissioned by Partnership for African Social and Governance Research (PASGR) and supported by the DFID. The research focuses on three African cities – Lagos, Luanda and Johannesburg. He has a strong research affiliation with the Centre for Spatial Data and Land Administration, Department of Infrastructure Engineering, University of Melbourne, Australia.


Skill Summary:

  • Extensive experience in Geo-Spatial Information Management, as well as strategic and statutory Town Planning projects. Leveraging on a very good understanding of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) concept and the application of GIS software: ArcGIS and Map Info in urban planning and management.
  • Good knowledge of land and urban governance issues leveraging on the current initiatives such as STDM, and Fit-for-Purpose land administration system.
  • Highly-developed skills in developing Open Data Kit (ODK) applications, conducting surveys, researches and report writing.
  • Skilled user of drafting and graphic software: AutoCAD, Micrographix, Designer, Corel Draw.
  • Basic knowledge of architectural design and drafting.
  • Excellent research and analytical technique with high proficiency in statistical packages like EpiData and SPSS.
  • Excellent consultation, persuasion and negotiation skills.
  • Ability to manage time, prioritise work and meet schedule time limit.

His future research focuses on the role of land administration in supporting security of Tenure using Social Tenure Domain Model and the application of Fit for Purpose Land Administration Policy. In particular, how land administration can help people out of poverty through security of Tenure. Important in this consideration is the issue of land governance and urban policies to focus largely on decolonising land administration in Nigeria, in general and Lagos in particular.


Areas of Professional Expertise

  • Strategic Development Planning
  • Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Spatial Data Infrastructure
  • Housing Affordability

Research Interests

  • Spatial Data Infrastructure and disaster Management,
  • Urban poverty and urban informality, Sustainable Livelihoods,
  • Security of Tenure,
  • Land governance and Urban Governance.


  • Research Fellow: Urban Analytics Data Infrastructure: LIEF Grant, August 2016 – June 2017 - Centre For Spatial Data Infrastructure and Land Administration, Department Of Infrastructure Engineering, University Of Melbourne.
  • Lead Researcher: Urban Governance and Turning African Cities Around: Lagos Case Study, commissioned by Partnership for African Social and Governance Research (PASGR) (2015-2016). Research grant provided by DFID.
  • Lead Researcher: Integrated Data Infrastructure Network: Innovative Approach to Effective - Land Management, Valuation, and Urban Planning in Lagos (March 2016 – March 2017): Research grant provided by TETFUND [CRC/TETFUND/No.2016/03].
  • Assistant Team Leader: Housing Affordability and Land Administration Project (Australian Urban, Research, Infrastructure Network – AURIN) July 2012 to September 2013.
  • Research Associate: National Data Infrastructure to Manage Land Information in Australia ARC Grant, November 2009 – July 2012. Centre for Spatial Data Infrastructure and Land Administration, Department of Infrastructure Engineering, University of Melbourne.
  • Recipient: Australian Postgraduate Awards (Industry) 2010 – 2012.

Selected Publications

  • Agunbiade M.E. and Oluyomi A. O. (2016) Land administration integration framework for affordable housing production: The roles of Spatial Data Infrastructures, institutional processes, and policies. Accepted for oral presentation at the Geodesign Summit Europe 2016 Conference, Delft, The Netherlands, November 1-2, 2016.
  • Agunbiade, M.E., Rajabifard, A. and Bennett, R.M. (2014) Land administration for housing production: an approach for assessment. Land Use Policy, 38 (2014) pp. 366-377. 
  • Agunbiade, M.E., Rajabifard, A. and Bennett, R.M.(2014) Inter - agency land administration in Australia: what scope for integrating policies, processes and data infrastructures for housing production? Journal of Spatial Science, 59 (2014)1 pp. 121-136.
  • Agunbiade, M.E., Rajabifard, A. and Bennett, R.M.(2014) Land administration for housing production: analysis of need for interagency integration. In: Survey review, 46 (2014)334 pp. 66-75.
  • Agunbiade, M.E, Rajabifard, A., & Bennett, R. (2013). Modes of housing production in developing countries: the contemporary role of land, labour, and capital in Lagos, Nigeria. Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, 28(2), 363-379.
  • Agunbiade, M.E, Rajabifard, A., & Bennett, R. (2012). The dynamics of city growth and the impact on urban land policies in developing countries. International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development, 4(2), 146-165.
  • Agunbiade, M. E. and Olajide, O. A (2015). The Limit of Land Regularisation as Poverty Alleviation Strategy in Informal Settlements: Empirical Evidence from Lagos, Nigeria. Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation, 5(1): 1045-1063.
  • Olajide, O. A and Agunbiade, M. E. (2014). The Reality of Lagos Megacity Urban Development Vision and Livelihoods of the Urban Poor. 3rd International Conference on Urban and Regional Planning (ICUPR 14), 13-15 October 2014, Lagos, 258-296.
  • Agbola, T and Agunbiade, M. E. (2007). Urbanization, Slum Development and Security of Tenure: The Challenges of Meeting Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 7 in Metropolitan Lagos, Nigeria. Paper Presented to the PRIPODE workshop on Urban Population, Development and Environment Dynamics in Developing Countries. Jointly organized by CICRED, PERN and CIESIN. With support from the APHRC, Nairobi. 11-13 June 2007. Nairobi, Kenya. http://www.ciesin.columbia.edu/repository/pern/papers/urban_pde_fm.pdf
  • Agunbiade, M. E., and Rajabifard, A (2013) Analysing inter-agency integration for land delivery in Nigeria: data, process and policy integration. Global Geospatial Conference 2013 UNECA Conference Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia November 4-8, 2013 http://www.gsdi.org/gsdiconf/gsdi14/papers/40.pdf
  • Agunbiade, E. (2006). Security of Tenure in Lagos Metropolis: A Spatial Analysis (M.Sc. Urban & Regional Planning Dissertation, University of Ibadan, Nigeria)










Name: Ademola Omoegun (Ph.D.)

Position: Lecturer

Qualifications: BSc (Lagos), MED (Lagos), MSc (Manchester), PhD (Cardiff)



Ademola Omoegun is a lecturer in Architecture and Urbanism in the department of Architecture at the University of Lagos, Nigeria. He holds a PhD in Urban Planning and International Development and a Master’s degree in Urban Planning (specialising in planning in cities in the developing world) from Cardiff University and University of Manchester respectively. This is in addition to undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in Architecture from the University of Lagos.

He is a registered architect and academic researcher with professional experience in the developed and developing world. His areas of research expertise include architecture and urban planning in developing world cities, informal livelihoods and settlements, urban governance and pro-poor development, social inclusion, public space and the right to the city. He is a consultant on urbanism to Heinrich Boll Stiftung, Nigeria office, a member of the Informal Economy Research Observatory at Cardiff University and a reviewer for the Commonwealth Journal of Local Governance.

Ademola has participated in several conferences and programs, notably he was one of the presenters at the international symposium to launch the UN-Habitat Hub on Informal Urbanism in Munich, Germany, in November 2013 and the 7th European Conference on African Studies, Basel, Switzerland, in July, 2017. He is also a contributing author to the Informal Market Worlds Atlas, a collaborative publication involving over 70 international researchers, which chronicles the informal economy worldwide, published in April, 2015. He recently completed a research project for Heinrich Boll Stiftung, titled “The Integration of the Informal Sector into the Economic Policy Framework of Lagos” which identifies key challenges faced by low income informal economy workers in Lagos and proposes key steps to achieving transformative policy change towards informal livelihoods.


Areas of Professional Expertise

  • Architecture and urban design
  • Urban development planning
  • Qualitative research






Research Interests

  • Urban informality, poverty and sustainable Urban Development
  • Architecture and urban planning in developing world cities
  • Social justice, urban governance, and pro-poor development
  • Public space and the Right to the City


  • The Integration of the Informal Sector into the Economic Policy Framework of Lagos. Research for Heinrich Boll Stiftung Nigeria (Dec 2015 – Aug 2016)

Selected Publications

  • Omoegun, A. Oshodi Market (Pre and Post 2009). In: Mortenbock, P. and Mooshammer, H. eds. Informal Market Worlds Atlas: The Architecture of Economic Pressure. Rotterdam: nai010 Publishers, pp. 443-447.
  • Omoegun, A. 2016. The Integration of the Informal Sector into the Economic Policy Framework of Lagos. Lagos: Heinrich Boll Stiftung.
  • Omoegun, A., Brown, A. and Mackie, P. 2017. Evading the 'alagbara': spatial claim and the challenge of evictions. 7th European Conference on African Studies. Urban Africa-urban Africans: New encounters of the urban and the rural, Basel, Switzerland, 29 June-1 July, 2017.










Name: Victor Abimbola Onifade (PhD)

Position: Lecturer

Qualifications: Bsc (O.A.U.Ife), Msc, PhD (Ibadan))



 Victor Abimbola Onifade is a lecturer in the department of urban and regional planning at the University of Lagos, Nigeria. He holds a PhD in urban and regional planning from the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. He has supervised and co-supervised both undergraduate and Postgraduate students on areas of urban land use conversion, housing condition and residents’ attributes, residents’ satisfaction and housing facilities.

His current research and teaching includes housing studies, regional planning, national development planning and urban psychology. Victor’s research direction has been on housing development, satisfaction and policy analysis. He is also interested on issues of homelessness and internally displaced persons. He has participated in master planning activities in collaboration with professional firms.

Areas of Professional Expertise

  • Environmental Planning and Management
  • Environmental Impact Assessment



Research Interests

  • Housing Development and Management
  • Housing Psychology and Policy Issues
  • Homelessness and Internally Displaced Persons

Selected Publications

  • Onifade Victor A. (2013): Housing Condition and Human Well-Being: A Review of literature in emerging issues in urban planning and development, Samson Fadare et al eds.Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Lagos, Obafemi Awolowo University press, Nigeria, Pp 189-217
  • T Lawanson and V Onifade (2013): Comparative Assessment of Housing Satisfaction in Medium Income Estates of Lagos, Nigeria. A book of Abstracts SB13 Southern Africa: Creating a resilient and Regenerative Built Environment, Fidelis A. Emuze eds. Department of Built Environment, Central University of Technology, Free state, Bloemfontein, South Africa. Pp 40
  • Lawanson T. and Onifade V. (2014). Housing Satisfaction in Selected Medium Density Estates of Lagos, Nigeria. The Lagos Journal of Environmental Studies, 7 (3),12-28
  • Victor A. Onifade & Oluwole A. Soyinka (2015). Urban Morphology and Policing in Somolu Local Government Area of Lagos State in A political Economy of Policing in Nigeria, Agwanwo Destiny (ed.). Aboki Publishers, Makurdi Nigeria. Chap.3, Pp31-47
  • Tunde Agbola and Victor Onifade (2016): Homelessness; Contemporary Concepts in Physical Planning, Layi Egunjobi eds. Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Ibadan. Vol. II, 408-433.
  • Olusola Olufemi and Victor Onifade (2016): The Challenges of the Internally displaced Persons (IDPs). Housing Development and Management, A book of Readings. Tunde Agbola et.al. eds. 2nd edition, 713-741.
  • Olusola Olufemi and Victor Onifade (2016): Homelessness, Housing Development and Management, A book of Readings. Tunde Agbola et.al. eds. 2nd edition, 603-712




Name: Basirat Oyalowo

Position: Lecturer

Qualifications: BSc, MA



  • She is a registered estate surveyor and valuer; and also an associate of the Chartered Institute of Personnel Management of Nigeria.
  • She lectures in the Estate Management Department of the University of Lagos.
  • Currently co-ordinates programmes at the University of Lagos Centre for Housing Studies where she drives the Centre’s research agenda and training programmes, structures learning curriculum for post-graduate programmes and implements housing advocacy programmes.
  • Contributed to the two chapters (Housing and Human Capital Development) to the Ogun State’s 25-year Regional Development Plan.
  • She also acted as a technical consultant to the Regional Plan Office, Office of the Governor, Ogun State; As a technical consultant, she was able to implement some programmes from the Regional Plan.
  • Before these, she was an intern in English Partnerships, a Central Government Agency for urban regeneration in the United Kingdom. She supported the process of selection of private sector partners and regeneration of Peterlee community, NE England.
  • Abi holds a


Areas of Professional Expertise

  • Housing policy and management
  • Housing and Urban sustainability
  • Human Capital Development


Research Interests

  • Sustainable Urban Development
  • Housing policy, finance, development and management
  • Valuation of Sustainable Properties
  • Urban informality.



  • Team Leader, Commercial Entities Sub-group; Sustainable Management of Biodegradable Waste Research Commissioned by the Lagos State Research and Development Council in 2015. The research group from the University of Lagos has the mandate to provide a framework for stakeholders’ participation in non-biodegradable public wastes management in Lagos State.
  • Best Full-time student, 2006 Chartered Institute of Housing Award North-East Branch UK (October, 2006)
  • A runner-up in the 2006 Northumbria University’s ‘Shine +’ competition, which recognized outstanding extra-curricular activities of International Students (April, 2006)

Selected Publications

  • Lawanson, T. & Oyalowo, B. (2016). Climbing out of Poverty: The role of social co-operatives in Lagos, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Design and Management. Vol.8 No 1&2, September, 2016. Pp.92-101
  • Oyalowo, B. (2015). Urban Housing Supply: Co-operative housing as the third way. 10th UNILAG annual research conference. Nov 24-26, 2015.
  • Omirin, M.M & Oyalowo, B.A (2015): Factors Affecting Land Pricing in informal settlements: A case-study of Ota, Ogun State. Journal of Engineering and Environmental Studies, College of Engineering and Environmental Studies, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ogun State. Volume 5, No.1, 2014 pp 133-139.
  • Oyalowo, B. (2014). Barriers and Drivers Of Sustainable Building Construction And Management In Lagos Metropolis, Nigeria Proceedings of the CIB W107 2014 International Conference, Lagos, Nigeria, 28th-30th January, 2014 159-170.
  • Oyalowo, B. (2014). Challenges and Prospects of funding housing co-operatives through formal financial institutions. Urban and regional planning review. Publication of the Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Lagos.4 (1&2)17-35
  • Oyalowo, B & Olunubi, T.G (2013). Institutional challenges for lending organizations in West African finance systems. International Union of Housing Finance. XXVII (4) 41-49
  • Oyalowo, B (2013): Prospects for secondary mortgage market development in Sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of contemporary issues in real estate. 2(1)84-100
  • Oyalowo, B & Alade W. (2013). A framework for sustainable land management in peri-urban areas of South West Nigeria. International Journal of Social Sustainability in Economic, Social and Cultural Contest. 8 (3) 15-30.
  • Oyalowo, Basirat (2012) Housing Market Constraints in the West African Region. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. Vol.3 (11) Pp. 241-252
  • Oyalowo, B. (2012): The Mobilization of Formal Housing Finance by Co-operative Societies: Prospects, Challenges and Strategies. In: Laryea, S., Agyepong, S.A., Leiringer, R. and Hughes, W. (eds) Proceedings, 4th West African Built Environment Research (WABER) Conference, 24-26 July 2012, Abuja, Nigeria, 1237-1245.
  • Olunubi, T. & Oyalowo, B. (2010). Housing Finance Between Social Needs and Economic Realities: The Dilemma of Policy Transfer under Neo-liberalism. Proceedings of The Comparative Housing Research Conference (pp 368-386). Delft: Delft University of Technology.
  • Babawale G. & Oyalowo, B. (2011) Incorporating Sustainability into Real Estate Valuation: The Perception of Nigerian Valuers. Journal of Sustainable Development.vol4, no,4 Pp. 236-249
  • Kadiri, W.A & Oyalowo, B. (2011): Land Alienation and Sustainability Issues in the Peri-Urban Interface of South West Nigeria. Development 54(1)64-69
  • Oyalowo, B.A. (2009): New settlements in Nigeria: Planning for Sustainability? International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability. Volume 4, Issue 6. Pp.9-20











f t g m